A look at Positive Reinforcement Reward System
After presentations, Marineland trainers love answering guest’s questions. The most common is, “how do you train your marine mammals?”
The trainers use a healthy and successful training technique called Positive Reinforcement Reward System. This system respects the animal by using positive reinforcement, it never allows for punishment.
How does the positive reinforcement reward system work?
Every time an animal performs a behavior correctly the trainer blows a whistle signaling a perfect performance and the animal is rewarded. The animal is never punished for performing a behavior incorrectly; the trainer simply repeats the cue to encourage the animal to try again.
What rewards are used for positive reinforcement?
The reinforcement can be food, a tongue tickle, a back scratch, a belly rub or playtime where large rings and balls are placed in the pool. While food is a reinforcement used, it is important to note that the animals receive all the food that they require to meet their dietary needs whether they perform the requested behavior or not.
A walrus getting a well-deserved back scratch
A beluga enjoying playtime with a ball
What types of behaviours do the animals learn?
The trainers teach the animals a variety of behaviours like waving hello or crunching out a few sit-ups. But, there is another important set of behaviours the animals perform called “husbandry” behaviours. These actions help our veterinarians and marine mammal staff to monitor and maintain the health of the animals.
How long does training take?
Basic behaviours require a few months of training, elaborate behaviours require about two years of training. The process helps keep the animals mentally sharp and physically fit. Some learn faster than others and each animal has a unique style.
A beluga and trainer working together